Section 125 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) of India pertains to the provision of maintenance. It allows certain individuals to claim maintenance if they are unable to sustain themselves.

In the context of Indian legal provisions, a wife's claim to maintenance finds its roots in both personal laws (which differ based on religion) and secular laws like the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC). The objective is to ensure that women, who might not be financially independent or who may have foregone opportunities to cater to household and family, aren't left destitute or in financial despair after separation or divorce.

Section 125 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC) of India provides a crucial legal remedy for individuals who are unable to maintain themselves and are neglected by those who are legally bound to support them. The main objective of this provision is to provide a swift and effective remedy against the destitution that one might face due to non-provision of maintenance.

You need the best maintenance case lawyer in Noida, best maintenance lawyer in Greater Noida to handle your case and get the outcome that suits both parties. Getting an order from the court in the cases of maintenance can be a tough and strenuous experience, but it doesn’t have to be. We will assist you every step of the way with what you are going through and see your situation from both sides. You can be sure that you will get a tailor-made solution for your case and it will be handled by reputable lawyers with years of experience and successful cases.


AK Tiwari & Associates is a popular Maintenance Case Lawyer in Noida, Greater Noida and Ghaziabad, for people from all communities and segments to come to us for their various marital discords and avail the best of our services. Hiring an experienced maintenance case lawyer is the best way to get peace of mind for victim person seeking a remedy when dealing with matrimonial cases, in your mutual divorce case, contested divorce, alimony, domestic violence or any other related matters. At AK Tiwari & Associates, we understand the gravity of maintenance cases and the courage it takes to speak out against it. Our mission is to provide unwavering legal support, guidance, and representation to maintenance cases in Noida. We are committed to:

Empathetic Support: We offer a compassionate and non-judgmental environment for our clients, ensuring they feel safe and heard throughout the legal process.
Legal Expertise: Our team of experienced lawyers specializes in maintenance cases, offering a deep understanding of relevant laws and legal strategies.
Protection Orders: We assist clients in obtaining restraining orders, protection orders, and other legal measures to ensure their safety.
Documentation: Our meticulous approach includes gathering evidence, documenting incidents, and preparing a strong case to secure favorable outcomes for our clients.
Court Representation: We represent our clients in court, advocating vigorously on their behalf to ensure their rights are protected.

Why Legal Help Matters: Seeking legal assistance in maintenance cases is crucial for several reasons:

  • Safety: Legal measures can help survivors stay safe by keeping perpetrators away and providing a legal recourse in case of violations.
  • Justice: Legal action can lead to the prosecution of the abuser, holding them accountable for their actions.
  • Support: Victims can access support services and resources through legal channels.
  • Prevention: Taking legal action can prevent further incidents of abuse, protecting not only the survivor but also potential future victims.

  • Legal Provisions of Maintenace Case:

    Section 125, CrPC: This is a secular law applicable to all citizens irrespective of their religion. A wife who is unable to maintain herself can claim maintenance from her husband. This provision is meant to prevent vagrancy and destitution.

    Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 (Section 24): This provision is applicable to Hindus and enables either spouse to claim interim maintenance during pending litigation.

    Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956 (Section 18): Under this act, a Hindu wife can claim maintenance from her husband if he is guilty of cruelty, conversion, desertion, or has an incurable form of leprosy, venereal disease, or has another wife living.

    Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act, 1986: This act specifically applies to Muslim women, allowing them to claim maintenance for the iddat period after divorce and any amount equal to the sum of mahr or dower agreed upon at the time of marriage.

    The Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act, 1936 and The Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872: These laws also have provisions for maintenance, catering to their respective communities.

    Factors Considered for Maintenance Amount:
    Husband’s Income & Financial Status: This is the primary factor. The court considers the husband's monthly earnings, properties, and other financial assets.
    Wife’s Own Income: If the wife is earning, her financial capability will be taken into account, though her income alone might not disentitle her from receiving maintenance.
    Lifestyle During Marriage: The court considers the lifestyle the wife was accustomed to during the marriage.
    Duration of Marriage: Generally, a longer marriage might entail a higher maintenance amount, especially if the wife has spent many years as a homemaker.
    Health and Age of the Wife: Health concerns or advanced age can increase the maintenance amount.

    Jurisdiction: Claims under Section 125 of CrPC can be initiated in the place where the wife resides, or where the husband resides or where they last lived together.

    Limitations: Under Section 125 of the CrPC, if a wife is living in adultery or if she and her husband are living separately by mutual consent, she might not be entitled to maintenance.

    Duration: Maintenance can be interim (during the pendency of litigation) or permanent. However, the duration, whether it's for a fixed term or lifelong, depends on various factors, including the reason for separation and the financial conditions of both parties.


    Maintenance provisions play a crucial role in ensuring that a wife's rights and dignity are preserved after separation or divorce. With societal evolution and changes in the economic landscape, these laws aim to strike a balance, ensuring that no spouse is left financially vulnerable. It is always advisable to seek legal counsel for a comprehensive understanding of one’s rights and the nuances of the laws.

    Can children claim maintenance from their father in India

    Yes, children can claim maintenance from their father in India. The legal provisions ensuring the right of a child to claim maintenance, irrespective of their gender, are rooted in both personal laws and secular laws. Here's a brief overview:

    Section 125 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC): This secular law is applicable to all citizens regardless of their religion. Under this provision:

    Both legitimate and illegitimate minor children can claim maintenance if they are unable to maintain themselves.
    1. Legitimate or illegitimate children (not being a married daughter) who have attained majority can also claim maintenance if they are unable to maintain themselves due to any physical or mental abnormality or injury.
    2. The primary factor for the court's consideration is the child's needs and the financial capability of the father (or mother, as the case may be).

    Personal Laws: Various personal laws also have provisions for child maintenance.
    Hindu Law: Under the Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act, 1956, a Hindu father has an obligation to maintain his legitimate or illegitimate minor children. Even after they attain majority, children who are unable to earn a livelihood due to any infirmity have the right to claim maintenance.
    Muslim Law: A Muslim father is bound to maintain his minor children until they attain puberty. However, some interpretations suggest that the father's obligation continues till the son is capable of earning and until the daughter is married.
    Christian & Parsi Laws: The Indian Divorce Act, which governs Christian personal law, and The Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act, have provisions that allow for children to claim maintenance.

    Other Relevant Acts: Provisions related to the maintenance of children can also be found in the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, and the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005.

    Factors Considered by the Court: When determining the amount of maintenance, the court typically considers:

  • The father's income and financial status.
    The needs and requirements of the child.
    The standard of living the child was accustomed to.
    Educational expenses, especially if the child is in school or college.
    Any special needs or medical requirements of the child.
  • It's also worth noting that both parents have a duty to maintain their children. So, in scenarios where the mother has sufficient means and the father does not, the court might order the mother to provide for the child's maintenance.

  • However, the specifics can vary based on individual circumstances and legal intricacies. As always, consulting with legal counsel provides a more comprehensive understanding of the child's rights and potential claims.

    The provision under Section 125 CrPC embodies the social justice principle that underscores the Indian Constitution. It emphasizes the importance of welfare for the marginalized, especially in a society where familial ties play a significant role in social security. Moreover, by incorporating the obligation of adult children to maintain their parents, it recognizes the vulnerability faced by the elderly in society.

    While Section 125 offers a valuable remedy, the exact nuances and interpretations can vary based on court judgments and specific circumstances. For a comprehensive understanding or for proceeding with a maintenance claim, it's always advisable to consult with legal counsel.

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    We recognize that getting an order in the case of maintenance case is one of the most painful experiences that people can go through. It’s because of this, that we can empathize and relate to you and what you are going through. It doesn’t matter if you need a maintenance case lawyer in Ghaziabad, our team of legal professionals has the experience and background that you need to build a solid case. In case you need a maintenance case lawyer in Noida, approach us. You need a team that understands what to do every step of the way and fights for you until there is a result.